The treaty is considered one of the most important arms control efforts that promote transparency and openness between the armed forces. India has a similar contract with Japan. India and Japan have signed an open sky agreement in 2017. India signed the agreement in accordance with national civil aviation policy, 2016. Currently, India has unrestricted open skies agreements with the United States. In addition, it has such an agreement with certain restrictions, namely the UK`s limited open-sky with ASEAN and bilateral agreements with more than 100 countries. The 2016 National Civil Aviation Policy proposed to remove all restrictions on the number of flights to and from SAARC and a radius of more than 5,000 km a. Flight rights are auctioned in this radius (for Western and South Asia, as well as for Eastern countries). The government would enter into open Sky agreements with SAARC countries and countries whose territory is entirely outside a 5,000 km radius of New Delhi. In 2019, the Trump administration withdrew from the 1987 Nuclear Medium Distance Treaty, an agreement signed by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, which banned a whole class of missiles. Russia had violated the agreement by using a banned missile, but President Trump`s team showed no interest in maintaining the treaty and avoided military and political measures that could have pressured Moscow to return to compliance. In 2020, government officials have considered conducting an underground nuclear test. This would run counter to a long-standing testing moratorium that has been respected by the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom and France (the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which would ban all nuclear tests, has not entered into force).
A U.S. nuclear test would open the door to testing by others and would hollow out the advantage of nuclear knowledge enjoyed by the United States if it conducted more tests than the rest of the world combined. The United Arab Emirates wants an open skies agreement with India. Alternatively, the Biden administration could consider re-entering the treaty on the basis of an executive agreement that may have been approved by simple majorities in the House of Representatives and the Senate. Such a mechanism would require the agreement of the other 33 contracting parties.